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Russia


 

Russia

World Convention is currently building a global reference for the  countries and territories where we know there are Christian – Churches of Christ – Disciples of Christ Congregations. Of the 193 United Nations States, the Stone-Campbell Movement exists in 174. This listing includes other nations and territories, numbering 195 countries where there is at least one representation of our churches.

Rather than waiting for comprehensive, complete information we are putting up the details we have available. If you can correct or add to this information, please contact the World Convention Office with details at gary@worldconvention.org.

Background

From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. Russia is also the world’s ninth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012.

The medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire.. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union. The Russian Federation became the successor state of the Russian SFSR following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Religion

58,800,000 or 41% are Russian Orthodox, 9,400,000 or 6.5% are Muslims, 5,900,000 or 4.1% are unaffiliated Christians, 2,100,000 or 1.5% adhere to other Orthodox Churches (including Ukrainian, Georgian, Armenian and other churches), 1,700,000 or 1.2% are Pagans (including Rodnovery, Etseg Din, Caucasian Neopaganism and Uralic Neopaganism) or Tengrists (Turco-Mongol shamanic religions and new religions), 700,000 or 0.5% are Buddhists, 400,000 or 0.2% are Orthodox Old Believers, 300,000 or 0.2% are Protestants, 140,000 are adherents of Eastern religions including Hindus and Krishnaites, 140,000 are Catholics, 140,000 are Jews. The remaining population is made up of 36,000,000 or 25% “spiritual but not religious” people, 18,600,000 or 13% atheist and non-religious people and 7,900,000 people or 5.5% of the total population who have deemed themselves “undecided”.

Stone-Campbell Presence

In Russia an indigenous movement known as the Gospel Christians arose in the 1870’s led by Vasili Alexandrovich Pashkov (1830-1902). Around 1890, Ivan Stepanovich Prokhanov (1869-1935) assumed leadership of the movement. In 1902 he visited the United States, came in contact with the Stone-Campbell Movement and began to align his churches with the movement. By 1926 the Gospel Christians claimed 600 missionaries and a membership of over 2 million. However, persecution under communism and isolation from the West during the Cold War reduced their numbers and their ties to the Stone-Campbell Christians. Today in western Russia, about 150 congregations with a total membership of around 3000 can be traced to them.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, many missionaries from Churches of Christ in America entered Russia. Their work has resulted in one school for training Christian workers, the Christian Resource Center Russia in St. Petersburg, and in fifty-three churches in Russia. Since 1991, the International Churches of Christ have planted 24 churches, with the Moscow church having over 1500 members.

TCMI has ministered to believers throughout Russia for more than 50 years and established the Institute in 1991 after the collapse of the USSR.

 

Created by Gary Holloway, October 14, 2013

Contact Information

A. National Office

 

B. Congregational Information

 

C. Educational Institutions
Christian Resource Center Russia
http://crcrussia.com/

 

D. Social Service Ministries

 

E. Magazines/Periodicals

 

F. International Ministries

 

G. Conventions/Lectureships/Assemblies/Forums/Conferences

 

H. Points of Interest