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Taiwan


Taiwan

World Convention is currently building a global reference for the  countries and territories where we know there are Christian – Churches of Christ – Disciples of Christ Congregations. Of the 193 United Nations States, the Stone-Campbell Movement exists in 174. This listing includes other nations and territories, numbering 195 countries where there is at least one representation of our churches.

Rather than waiting for comprehensive, complete information we are putting up the details we have available. If you can correct or add to this information, please contact the World Convention Office with details at gary@worldconvention.org.

Background

Taiwan officially the Republic of China is bordered by the People’s Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the seat of the central government. New Taipei, encompassing the metropolitan area surrounding Taipei proper, is the most populous city. The Republic of China (ROC) was established in China in 1912. At the end of World War II in 1945, Japan surrendered Taiwan to ROC military forces on behalf of the Allies. Following the Chinese civil war, the Communist Party of China took full control of mainland China and founded the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. The ROC relocated its government to Taiwan, and its jurisdiction became limited to Taiwan and its surrounding islands. In 1971, the PRC assumed China’s seat at the United Nations, which the ROC originally occupied. International recognition of the ROC has gradually eroded as most countries switched recognition to the PRC. Only 21 UN member states and the Holy See currently maintain formal diplomatic relations with the ROC, though it has informal ties with most other states via its representative offices.

Religion

Buddhism (35.1%),  Taoism (33%),  Christianity (3.9%),  Yiguandao (3.5%), Tiandism (2.2%),  Miledadao (1.1%),  Zailiism (0.8%),  Other or undeclared (2.4%),  Non-religious (18.7%)

Stone-Campbell Presence

American military personnel established the first Church of Christ in Taiwan in 1957. In 1959, Roy Mullinax and Enoch B. and Jeanine Thweatt moved to Taipei. Several missionaries have since served in Taiwan, planting six congregations, each with between five and 30 members.

Since 1991, International Churches of Christ have planted six congregations in Taiwan.

 

Created by Gary Holloway, October 15, 2013

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